The most popular restoration of Shanghai's most be

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Restore the most beautiful beach in Shanghai, and sound the green protection and assembly number near the harbor. Release date: Source: first finance and economics

the Nanhui mouth near the harbor in the morning is full of quiet beauty. Few people can be seen on the beach. Only a few egrets are pacing leisurely, and jumping fish are bouncing on the beach. It is a rare harmonious scenery in the city

early in the morning of September 12, Mo Yiping of Sony China drove to Nanhuizui, a new area near Hong Kong, to participate in beach garbage cleaning activities. Fleeing the city and returning to nature, she was moved by the beauty in front of her. However, it was a pity for her that when these creatures were playing happily, there were a lot of garbage scattered nearby, especially plastic bottles, foam, fishing and other plastic garbage

"it's like a scar on the beauty's face during the experiment, which destroys this beautiful harmony. Plastic can't be degraded for hundreds of years. If no one picks up garbage, that scar will remain." Moyiping tells first finance her original intention of participating in the garbage cleaning activities

the Yangtze River and Qiantang River converge at Nanhuizui, a new port area in Shanghai, impacting into a delta terrain and forming Shanghai's muddy coast. The mudflat has strong productivity and is also the home for a large number of organisms to survive. It has great ecological value. As far as the beaches in Shanghai are concerned, Nanhuizui is the widest and most beautiful

with the development of the port, more and more people appreciate the beauty of this beach. A beach near the port is even called the "land of the sky" of Shanghai and has become a red scenic spot

however, with the sustained economic development, offshore fishing operations, and the random discarding of residents and tourists, garbage is accumulating on the beach. Enterprises, non-governmental organizations, colleges and universities, local Youth League committees and communities have set up volunteer teams to regularly pick up garbage on the beach and build a protective dike for the beach

persistence: picking up garbage at the seaside for more than ten years

moyiping is an ordinary employee of Sony China. She, together with more than 100 colleagues and family members, followed the one blue ocean activity to pick up garbage at the seaside near Hong Kong

as the summer heat in Shanghai still lingers in September, moyiping and her friends arrive at Nanhui beach as early as possible to start cleaning up. Garbage was washed ashore by the sea and left in gullies, crevices of stone steps, muddy wetlands and reeds one meter high. More than 100 volunteers spared no effort to fight against garbage

some garbage can only be picked up by bending down, kneeling down, or even lying down. Children take advantage of their small size and lie on the rocks to pick up the garbage in the cracks. The weather was getting hotter. Just over an hour later, everyone was sweating profusely, and the children's clothes were soaked

with the joint efforts of all employees and their families, a total of 141.78 kg of garbage was collected in this activity, and then classified, recorded, weighed, and finally cleared and transported by sanitation vehicles

"all the garbage put together is about the same size as the more than 100 people. We also feel that we have made a contribution to environmental protection. Although we are tired, we have a super sense of achievement. However, the beach is very long, and we only pick up a small part of the beach. The ocean cleaning activities also call for more enterprises and more citizens to participate." Mo Yiping said

this activity was coordinated by Shanghai Rendu marine Public Welfare Development Center (hereinafter referred to as "Rendu marine"). Rendu ocean focuses on marine garbage. Thirteen years ago, liuyonglong, the founder of Rendu ocean, led his team to pick up garbage in Lingang. He was the first group to pick up garbage in Lingang

liuyonglong told first finance that the earliest time to pick up garbage at Lingang beach was when there were more enterprise employees. The basic mode was to organize employees to participate as an enterprise activity day. Sixty or seventy companies such as Sony, Ford Motor, Intel and Johnson & Johnson actively participated in it. Intel and Johnson & Johnson have been promoting it for ten years

slowly, the garbage collection team has grown. Trade unions at all levels, social organization service centers, Party committees, colleges and universities have also joined in and organized various activities, such as combining "Jingtan" with blind dates to increase participation. On the beach at weekends, you can always see groups of volunteers dressed in red, blue and green. They wear uniform work clothes and their figures shuttle along the shore, interwoven among tourists

a group of professional divers form an "undersea team" and are active under the sea all the year round. They clean up the plastic garbage deposited under the water, remove the fishing lines entangled in the coral reefs, and breathe easily in the sea

"what a person can do is very limited. Only after it is organized can we have more strength, more resources and more sustainable to complete this kind of thing. At the beginning, we wanted to do it from a more professional perspective." Liuyonglong said

monitoring: where does garbage come from?

hundreds of rivers rush to the sea, carrying billowing sediment and garbage from land. What is the structure of marine garbage? Where did it come from

in order to understand this problem, Rendu ocean, together with 57 partners, conducted garbage monitoring at 81 monitoring points set up in 45 cities; Two monitoring points have also been set up near the port to conduct fixed-point monitoring six times a year

according to the latest fourth scientific research and monitoring report on protecting the coastline released this year, the top five garbage in the number of marine garbage in China are foam fragments, hard plastics, plastic packaging, film plastics, glass and ceramic products, of which foam fragments account for as much as 32%. In terms of the proportion of waste materials, the proportion of plastic waste reached 82.2%, firmly occupying the first place in the proportion of waste materials. In terms of the proportion of various types of brand waste, the proportion of wine and beverage ranked first with 45.5%, followed by snack food waste, accounting for 25.8%

liuyonglong told first finance and economics that there are many factors affecting the garbage at the seaside, not like the garbage on the street is thrown by people. The main garbage from the sea is washed up by sea. There are many garbage from the Yangtze River Estuary and Qiantang River Estuary along the river and sea. On the other hand, garbage from other provinces and regions, and even foreign garbage, can be washed over by the ocean current. The distribution of garbage is affected by many reasons, such as terrain, water flow, water and grass, and is not evenly distributed. It will be particularly dense in some places

"according to our current research, 80% of the garbage actually comes from the land and 20% from the sea. Moreover, most of the garbage comes from some fast-moving consumer goods such as beverages. Many people will take bottled water with them when they travel to the seaside and the mountains, and throw it away after drinking it." Liuyonglong said

of course, with the large-scale development of the port, the number of tourists to Nanhuizui has increased greatly, which has also brought pressure to the beach environment

plastic reduction: protect that wetland

how to reduce garbage? Liuyonglong believes that marine garbage is first produced by littering, which is a matter of personal behavior and civilization. The level of civilization can not be cultivated in one day or two. It needs to be cultivated from an early age and form a social atmosphere

in order to pass on the concept of environmental protection, Rendu ocean will also organize twoorthree "blue detective" activities every month to provide environmental education for parents and children, and cultivate the next generation's awareness of environmental protection through word-of-mouth and personal education

"there are more and more garbage cans set up in the sanitation, but we can still see them discarded at random. While we are picking them up, tourists are throwing them all the time, which is also a certain frustration for those who pick them up." Liuyonglong said

analyze the current situation of marine garbage. A large number of disposable plastics and packaging plastics are the main sources of beach garbage. What are the good methods for this part of garbage

in fact, the government has been trying to reduce the use of disposable plastics through policy guidance and industrial sources

in July this year, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of ecological environment and other nine ministries and commissions jointly issued the notice on Solidly Promoting plastic pollution control (hereinafter referred to as the notice). According to the notice, since January 1, 2021, non degradable plastic shopping bags are prohibited from being used in catering packaging and takeout services and in the activities of rapid growth of new energy vehicle sales in the third quarter of various exhibitions. At the same time, the production and sales of disposable plastic cotton swabs and disposable foamed plastic tableware are prohibited from next year; The use of non degradable disposable plastic straw is prohibited in the catering industry throughout the country, but it is not prohibited temporarily for the straw that comes with the outer packaging of milk, beverages and other foods

liuyonglong believes that this is a progress of supervision. However, only by truly achieving biodegradation can plastic reduction be realized, and it is more important to reduce the use of plastics from the source

"how to recycle plastics is a very important aspect. Now many food grade plastics are not recycled. This is a problem for the whole industrial chain. Can we reduce the consumption of disposable plastics through industrial structure adjustment? It is worth mentioning that the waste classification policy implemented in Shanghai since last year will also have a positive impact on plastic reduction." Liuyonglong said

liuyonglong recalled that he began to collect garbage at Nanhui seaside 13 years ago. At that time, standing on the seaside levee and looking at Lingang New City, Dishui Lake could be seen in the distance. There is a green wetland between people and Dishui Lake. Now, the development of the port with lower energy consumption is in full swing. The surrounding Dishui Lake is booming and is a new city

"the development of Lingang New City is the development of human civilization. I suggest that while developing the city, we should not artificially change the local ecological structure and vegetation structure, so as to minimize the disturbance to the local ecology." Liuyonglong said

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI